Since we are talking about the management aspect of quality assurance, quality control and inspection, the basic rules remain the same regardless of the type of the package, for example, bulk material, fixed equipment or rotating equipment.
Initially, the focus would be on quality assurance (QA), that is, designing quality measures to ensure the product has the required quality at the end or ensuring that the product turns out to be as expected in terms of quality and performance.
During initial phases of design and manufacturing, the quality assurance aspect takes precedence but as fabrication progresses, inspection, which is basically validation of QC activities take prominence.
Finally, during release and package hand over from supplier to the purchaser, we shall have a combination of all the three elements:
- Reviewing manufacturer record book (MRB) that includes all the QC documents (test and examinations procedures and reports, certifications, drawings, design calculations, installation, operation and maintenance manual (I O M) if any and the like); (QA & QC)
- Implement Inspection and Test Plan performing QC activities stipulated within the ITP (QC).
- Make sure (verify) the equipment successfully passed the performance test (Inspection)
- Any unfinished work, missing items, work to be done at site is punch listed (Inspection)
- Check that the packaging is adequate and include sufficient paper work called dispatch dossier; (QC & Inspection)